Building on Spatial Relationships in the Urban Fabric to Inform Higher-order Transport and Land Use Policy and Planning
This research asks the question: Following from the rhetoric and promise of compact cities, how best may we accurately model the interactions of local land-use plans with public transportation provision to transform automobile-dependent metropolitan regions? After a reading of the literature and existing strategies, the research approaches this question by a detailed study of public transportation options and associated Transit Oriented Developments in Perth, Australia, a highly automobile-dependent metropolitan region. The research aims to uncover the capacity for redevelopment, both possible and necessary, to achieve a long-ranged transformation from an Automobile-Dependent City to a Transit-Oriented Region. It will prepare a replicable methodology based in available data to more clearly see the pay-offs and trade-offs of policy levers of sustainable transport and land-use planning. The results show that depending on the building heights, mixes of land-use, transportation mode capacity and other factors, it is possible to build the next generations’ requirements of parks, housing, commercial and retail spaces along high-capacity rail public transit corridors. The results demonstrate that this may be accomplished while managing road congestion, housing the expected growth in population, improving social equity and ecological function, and positively underwriting the fiscal position of governments. The results reveal a methodology to understand metropolitan growth as a science, to better inform the art of human-scaled urban design.